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Health

Individuals with extreme toothaches can relieve pain by taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as recommended by a medical professional, explains WebMD. Patients should avoid sweet foods and cold and hot drinks that can further irritate the toothache or intensify tooth sensitivity. It may also help to use a toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth when coping with a toothache. Sources: webmd.com

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Fleas often bite more than once, testing different areas before selecting a site for feeding, explains the Illinois Department of Public Health. This often results in a line or cluster of itchy red marks on the skin around 30 minutes after the bites occur. Sensitive individuals may also experience raised bumps within 24 hours after the bites occur. Cat and dog fleas do not transmit diseases to humans through these bites, but rat fleas sometimes do; rat fleas can transmit bubonic plague and murine typhus to humans. Sources: idph.state.il.us

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Asperger’s syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder that causes problems with communication, social disorders and repetitive or defined patterns of behavior, explains the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. It’s difficult to recognize because, as of 2015, diagnostic testing is not yet standardized, causing many cases to be misdiagnosed. Sources: faaas.org, ninds.nih.gov

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Carbon monoxide is an odorless gas created by combustion reactions such as those that occur in gasoline engines, lanterns, gas ranges and heating systems, explains the Centers for Disease Control. Carbon monoxide can build up in a closed space, and people present in that space breathe it into their lungs. Red blood cells are designed to pick up oxygen and carry it to the body’s cells, but when carbon monoxide is present in the lungs, the red blood cells pick up carbon monoxide molecules faster than they can pick up oxygen. This prevents the body’s tissues from getting the oxygen…

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According to WebMD, body wraps can temporarily moisturize the skin and reduce the appearance of cellulite for a few hours. Body wraps do not have any permanent effect on appearance or weight. Sources: webmd.com, bodyapplicators.com

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Shingles, also called herpes zoster, is more common in people with weakened immune systems. Women over the age of 50 are more likely to get shingles more than once. After a person has shingles for the first time, the chances of getting it again within the first few years are extremely low. However, as time goes on, the person’s chance of developing shingles again goes up. People who experienced severe symptoms for more than 30 days also have a higher chance of repeat infections. Sources: webmd.com

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It is important to use the correct type of cough suppressant so that symptoms do not become worse. Antitussives are effective for a dry cough because they block the cough reflex, while expectorants are effective for a moist cough because they clear mucus out of the airway. If a cold does not accompany the cough, antihistamines and decongestants might not be necessary. These drying agents can make a cough more severe. Sources: drugs.about.com

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Arthroscopic surgery uses tiny instruments to repair damaged tissue, and this minimally invasive technique often has patients resuming normal activities in just a few days with full recovery in a few weeks, says the AAOS. Ankle fracture surgery has a significantly longer recovery time with patients returning to normal activities other than sports within a few months but taking up to two years for a full recovery, advises the AAOS. Sources: orthoinfo.aaos.org, orthoinfo.aaos.org

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Creating healthy meal plans includes choosing items from each food group at every meal, and ensuring a rich variety of minerals, vitamins and nutrients comes from food sources, explains the American Diabetes Association. Create Your Plate is one method recommended for managing portion control at meal time. A person divides the dinner plate into three sections and allocates the largest section to nonstarchy vegetables, such as mushrooms, spinach, broccoli, carrots and tomatoes. Grains and starch-based foods, including whole-grain breads, rice, pasta, sweet potatoes and corn, fill one of the smaller remaining sections. The third section is then filled with protein…

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The immune system mistakes food and bacteria in the intestine for harmful substances and subsequently attacks it, causing inflammation and ulcers, states the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America. This is why it is considered a type of irritable bowel disease. Colitis disease only affects the lining of the large intestine, or colon. Other parts of the intestine are not affected. Sources: ccfa.org, webmd.com

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