When it comes to metabolic disorders, one of the most common conditions that affect most people is diabetes. This condition is characterized by abnormally elevated levels of glucose in the blood caused by the inability of the pancreas to break down sugar. The pancreas because of certain factors may not be able to produce enough insulin, so glucose is not metabolized and used by the body immediately. You may know very well that too much of anything is a bad thing. The following article casts light on the different types of diabetes, their causes and predisposing factors, and what age groups are affected by the condition. First in line is juvenile or Type 1 diabetes.
This is common among children and young adults, especially those who have been obese since their childhood years. Juvenile diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which means that the body’s cells turn against it, destroying the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is the non-insulin dependent type in which the cells of the body resists insulin, thereby causing elevated sugar levels in the bloodstream. This type of diabetes calls for oral hypoglycemic agents and medications that regulate blood sugar levels. “Water” diabetes or diabetes insipidus on the other hand affects not just the pancreas but the kidneys as well. Then there’s the diabetes that appears only when a woman gets pregnant. Not all gestating women may suffer from this condition but there are women who do. Diabetes during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes in the woman’s body during the second to the third trimester.
By the time a woman gives birth, the condition subsides and then totally disappears. Another one is the Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood or LADA which is an entirely different type. LADA happens when there is an elevated level of antibodies produced by the pancreas while the person is diagnosed with DM. It differs from the others since it doesn’t need insulin at all. Uncontrollable hyperglycemia can be observed and there are metabolic syndromes present as well.
That’s it for diabetes, hopefully this article may have cleared some of the cobwebs of doubt from your mind about the condition. Stay healthy!